Firmly Establish A Correct Concept of Development and Modernisation A In-Depth Study and Implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)
Originally published by the Communist Party of China Published: 18/03/2022. Translated into English by Mango Press
General Secretary Xi Jinping points out: “Only by adhering to the people-centrist thinking, insisting that development is for, depends on the people, and the people share the results, can there be a correct concept of development and modernization.” General Secretary Xi Jinping’s necessary exposition profoundly answered the major theoretical and practical questions such as the concept, purpose, and driving force of promoting high-quality development and modernisation and provided fundamental guidelines for promoting high-quality development and socialist modernisation. To promote socialist modernisation comprehensively, we must firmly establish a correct understanding of development and modernisation, deeply grasp the people-centrist development concept, and continuously create high-quality life for the people on the new journey.
坚持以人民为中心彰显正确发展观、现代化观 Adhere to people-centrism and demonstrate the correct development concept and modernization concept
People-centrism is the most distinctive characteristic of Marxism. Always standing on the side of the people, fighting for their rights, depending on them, and wholeheartedly seeking their interests are fundamental for Chinese Communists to adhere to the Marxist stand. Adhere to the people-centrist approach, embody the distinctive characteristics of Chinese-style modernisation, and demonstrate the correct outlook on development and modernisation.
Adhering to the people-centred approach embodies Marxist values centring people’s standpoint. In terms of development goals, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasised: “People is the touchstone to test a political party and a regime. Leading the people to create a better life is the unswerving goal of our party.” Xi Jinping emphasised the ability to develop: “The mass has infinite wisdom and strength. Only by always believing in the people, relying closely on the people, and fully mobilising the people’s enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity can the majestic force of unity be united.” On the development achievements, Xi Jinping contended: “We must realise the maintenance and development of the fundamental interests of the broadest mass so that the fruits of the reformation and development benefit the people fairly.” We must deeply understand the crucial expositions of General Secretary Xi Jinping and implement the people-centrist development thinking into the practice of socialist modernisation.
We need to stick to the people-centred interpretation of the original mission of the Chinese Communists. Xi Jinping pointed out: “The country is the people’s, and the people comprise the country. Fighting for and defending the country is to retain their loyalty.” When our party was established, the pursuit of happiness of the people and the nation’s rejuvenation was our primary missions. Unlike the traditional people-based mindset, our party insists on people-centrism and is established based on “no individual interest, but the interests of the working class and the mass”. The purpose is to establish a new regime in which the people are the masters of the country. The purpose of “defending the country” is to better govern for the people, build and consolidate the people’s government, and create a happy and beautiful life for the people.
Adhering to people-centrism provides the greatest confidence for our party to succeed again and again. The foundation of our party lies in the people, the blood lies in the people, and the strength lies in the people. During the new democratic revolution, our party has permanently attached importance to inspiring the masses, letting them mobilise the masses, leading the people to overthrow the “three mountains”, and establishing a new China where the people are the masters of the country. During the period of socialist revolution and construction, our party has always stood firm with the people, led the people to complete the socialist process, eliminated all systems of exploitation, achieved the most extensive and profound social transformation in the history of the Chinese nation, and realised a great eastern country with a poor and large population and a great leap into a socialist society in great strides. In the new era of reform and opening and socialist modernisation, our party insists on emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, breaking down all institutional obstacles that constrain advanced productive forces and the creativity of the masses, and exerting the initiative of the masses, promoting the great leap of the Chinese nation from standing up to becoming prosperous. China has made great strides to catch up with the times. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. Our party has adhered to the people-centred development philosophy, built a moderately prosperous society in all aspects of China, solved the problem of absolute poverty historically, and promoted the cause of the party and the country to achieve historic achievements and make history. Sexual change, the Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, becoming rich to becoming strong. The party’s century-long struggle proves that the people are the purpose and foundation of our party’s victory and victory. Only by adhering to the people-centred approach can we make great strides on the new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way.
深刻认识和把握以人民为中心的丰富内涵 Deeply understand and grasp the rich connotation of people-centered
Understanding the Chinese modernisation’s motivation, expectation and core strength based on the people-ism. Adhering to the philosophy of people-centred development, we need to develop for the people, rely on the people, and benefit the people with our achievements.
Adhere to development for the people and take the realisation and maintenance of the fundamental interests of most of the people as the primary starting point. Our Party was born for the people and thrived for the people. When looking at any issue, making any decision, or grasping any job, we must first see whether it conforms to the people’s interests. When planning work, the people’s interests are the logical starting point. We must always take the hearts of the people as our heart. Whatever the masses welcome and grin, we must do it to the end, no matter how difficult it is; From the party leading the people to share the land with the local tyrants to the implementation of the land system where the cultivators have their land, from uniting the whole nation to defeat the Japanese invaders to leading the people to build a new China, from “one modernisation and three reforms” to reform and opening up, from an all-round well-off To promote commonwealth, from proposing the “Four Modernizations” to building a modern socialist country in an all-round way, our party insists on realising, safeguarding and developing the fundamental interests of the broadest masses of the people as its fundamental starting point, and consciously stands on the people’s stand to plan ideas, formulate measures, Advance implementation.
Adhere to the development of relying on the people and making good use of the mass line as a powerful means. Xi Jinping pointed out: “The mass line is our party’s lifeline and work line. It is an important heritage for our party to maintain vitality and combat effectiveness.” Over the past century, our party has been able to overcome all kinds of difficulties and obstacles because our party adheres to the mass line and draws infinite wisdom and strength from the masses. To build socialist modernisation, we must trust, respect and learn from the masses and their pioneering spirit. We should make good use of “coming from and going to the masses”, and concentrate the opinions of the masses Up, transform it into the party’s principles and policies, then publicise and implement it among the masses, test it in the practice of the masses, deepen understanding and improve work in the process; temper the great style of “thinking and doing together with the people”, always want to be together with the people, work together, share weal and woe through thick and thin, constantly close the flesh and blood ties between the party and the people, and always win the support and support of the people.
Adhere to the principle of sharing the achievements with the people so they can benefit from them. Xi Jinping emphasised: “The essence of the concept of sharing is one of the embodiments of the people-centred development philosophy, reflecting the prerequisite of commonwealth realisation.” Commonwealth is the essential goal of socialism and a feature of Chinese-style modernisation. The national character of our country’s socialist modernisation determines that everyone has the right to benefit from the achievements. The comprehensiveness of the content of socialist modernisation determines that the fruits of development must be shared. Notably, the stages of socialist modernisation determine that they need to be shared gradually. Our country has a vast territory, and the situation varies from place to place. The actual national conditions determine that Chinese-style modernisation needs to go through a long-term process, and shared development also needs continuous improvement. To establish a correct outlook on development and modernisation, we must consider and design sharing policies based on national conditions and the level of economic and social development.
将以人民为中心贯穿中国式现代化全过程各方面 People-centered throughout all aspects of the Chinese-style modernization process
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: “our country’s modernisation is the one with a huge population in which all the people are prosperous, a modernisation in which material and intellectual civilisation coexist, a modernisation in which humans and nature stay in harmony, and a modernisation that takes the path of peaceful development. This is the direction our country’s modernisation drive must adhere to.” Adhering to the people-centrism highlights the pursuit and practical requirements of Chinese-style modernisation, reflecting the people’s yearning for a better life and pointing out the direction for the advancement for socialist modernisation.
Unswervingly promote high-quality development. Huge population size is the primary national condition of our country. A population of more than one billion will enter a modern society. Its scale will exceed the total population of the developed countries, which will completely rewrite the modernised world map. To establish a correct concept of development and modernisation, we must adhere to high-quality development, thoroughly, accurately and fully implement the new development concept, insist on making progress while maintaining stability, and steadily promote quality, efficiency, and power changes. The first is to be good at seeing opportunities in changing situations, scientifically grasp the profound connotation of our country’s crucial strategic opportunity period, carry out work more creatively based on the laws, and create new and greater opportunities by making good use of opportunities. Do your own thing. The second is to put the innovation drive in a more prominent position, strengthen basic research and original innovation, improve the new national system, strengthen the national strategic scientific and technological strength, focus on solving the problem of “stuck neck”, and strive to grasp the initiative of future development. Thirdly, we need to continue optimizing the market, adhere to fairness and justice, promote healthy competition, strive to create a good environment for technological innovation, encourage innovation, tolerate failure, fully mobilize people’s innovation vitality, give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, and better give full play to the role of the government further to demonstrate the advantages of the socialist market economic system. Coordinate development and security, effectively improve the country’s overall security level, firmly adhere to the bottom line of protection, and ensure the smooth progress of the modernisation drive and the maintenance and development of the fundamental interests of the people.
Continue to promote the commonwealth of all people to achieve more obvious substantive progress. Achieving commonwealth is a dynamic process that cannot be done overnight. It cannot be achieved in an equal or simultaneous manner. It is necessary to establish the goal as a long-term one and recognise its arduous and complex nature. In this process, we must remain affirmative and be flexible with the strategy, adjusting the goal and working for it in the long term. Our country’s economy ranks second in the world, but the per capita GDP and the per capita income of urban and rural residents are still relatively low. We must continue to make the cake bigger, adhere to economic construction as the centre, and unswervingly promote high-quality development. This requires us to base ourselves on the new stage of development, handle the relationship between efficiency and fairness, divide the cake while making the cake bigger, focus on narrowing the regional gap, thoroughly implement the national primary regional development strategy and regional coordinated development strategy, and continuously improve the balance of development, coordination and inclusiveness; focus on narrowing the gap between urban and rural areas, adhere to the simultaneous development of the “four modernisations”, accelerate the promotion of new urbanisation, promote the strategy of rural revitalisation, and promote the integrated development of urban and rural areas; focus on narrowing the income gap, improve the distribution system, and focus on expanding middle-income groups Scale, through the joint efforts of more than one billion people, to enter into modernisation together.
Pay more attention to promoting the all-round development of people. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasised: “Socialism with Chinese characteristics is a great cause of development and progress. Without the prosperity and development of socialist culture, there will be no socialist modernization.” We must adhere to both material and spiritual civilisation on the new journey. Hard, cultivate more great value guiding force, cultural cohesion, spiritual driving force, and strive to promote the all-round development of people. Adhere to the socialist core value system, keep the red roots, inherit the red genes, and firmly grasp the leadership of ideological work. Promote the creative transformation and innovative development of the Chinese excellent traditional culture, and let Chinese culture bloom into a new era of brilliance. Focusing on meeting the growing spiritual and cultural needs of the people, promoting the all-round development of cultural undertakings and cultural industries, and enhancing people’s sense of cultural gain and happiness with high-quality cultural supply.
Adhere to the new path of ecological priority and green development. Building ecological civilisation and promoting green growth is not only to meet the needs of the people for a beautiful ecological environment but also an inevitable requirement for high-quality development. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has taken the construction of ecological civilisation as a vital part of coordinating the promotion of the “five-in-one” overall layout and the joint promotion of the “four comprehensive” strategic layout and has carried out a series of fundamental and pioneering work. We will work on a long-term and long-term basis and put forward a series of new concepts, new ideas, and new strategies to promote historical, turning and overall changes in ecological and environmental protection. To recognise development and modernisation correctly, we must adhere to the principle that clear waters and green mountains are invaluable assets. We must insist on protecting and systematically the mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand, and apply throughout the process “two-carbon” in accelerating the resource-saving. The industrial structure, mode of production, way of life, and spatial pattern should be aimed to protect the environment and promote the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development.
Actively promote the building of a community with a shared future for humanity. The country’s modernisation adheres to the mutual benefit with other countries and advocates building a community with a shared future for humanity, which is in line with the common interests of the Chinese people and the people of the world. To establish a correct outlook on development and modernisation, we must deeply grasp the regularity of world development and progress. We need to strengthen our global thinking and vision, open the door to welcome all countries to share China’s development opportunities, promote high-quality institutional openness, and enhance the ability to participate in international cooperation and competition. High-quality co-construction of the “Belt and Road” will continue to create new advantages for development. We must persistently improve global governance, promote new international relations, practice genuine multilateralism, constructively participate in and lead the formulation of global governance, stand on the right side of history and human progress, and strive to build a modern socialist country.